Infection of North Sea cod (Gadus morhua L.) postlarvae and juveniles with the parasites Hysterothylacium aduncum Rudolphi and Caligus sp.

F. Mehrdana, Q. M. Bahlool, A. Skovgaard, J. A. Kuhn, P. W. Kania, Peter Munk, K. Buchmann

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Abstract

Parasitic infections of individual juvenile and adult Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) have been well studied for decades, but infections of early life stages and the impact of parasitism on population level have been less well elucidated. It is generally assumed that early developmental stages of fish are more vulnerable to infection compared to older age groups, but merely few investigations on parasitic infections in young cod are available. We have therefore performed a parasitological investigation of a total of 3361 specimens of Atlantic cod post larvae and juveniles sampled from the North Sea in 1992, 1993, 1994, 1999 and 2001. Two metazoan parasites Caligus sp. and Hysterothylacium aduncum (Rudolphi) were found at relatively high frequencies. Caligus sp. showed a higher infection level in 1992 compared to the following years, whereas the prevalence of H. aduncum increased from 1992 to 2001. It was indicated that these young stages of cod were not able to tolerate high parasite burdens which suggests that survival may be affected by a high infection pressure. We also analysed if infection with H. aduncum would influence growth of cod post-larvae. This was done by comparing the body size of infected (1-2 parasites per fish) and uninfected fish sizes in various age groups. Ageing was performed by otolith readings, and it was indicated that cod younger than 44 days were negatively affected by infection whereas cod older than 44 days tolerated this low parasite burden.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2013
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventDAFINET Workshop : Diagnosis and Control of Fish Diseases - Frederiksberg, Denmark
Duration: 9 Apr 201311 Apr 2013
http://www.dafinet.dk

Conference

ConferenceDAFINET Workshop : Diagnosis and Control of Fish Diseases
CountryDenmark
CityFrederiksberg
Period09/04/201311/04/2013
Internet address

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