Infection-induced coronary dysfunction and systemic inflammation in piglets are dampened in hypercholesterolemic milieu

Malene M. Birck, Erkki Pesonen, Michal Odermarsky, Axel K. Hansen, Kenneth Persson, Henriette Frikke-Schmidt, Peter M. H. Heegaard, Petru Liuba

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The synergism of infection with conventional cardiovascular risk factors in atherosclerosis is much debated. We hypothesized that coronary arterial injury correlates with infection recurrence and pathogen burden and is further aggravated by hypercholesterolemia. Forty-two Göttingen minipigs were assigned to repeated intratracheal inoculation of PBS, Chlamydia pneumoniae (Cpn), or both Cpn and influenza virus at 8, 11, and 14 wk of age. Animals were fed either standard or 2% cholesterol diet (chol-diet). At 19 wk of age coronary vasomotor responses to acetylcholine (ACh) and adenosine were assessed in vivo and blood and tissue samples were collected. Nonparametric tests were used to compare the groups. In cholesterol-fed animals, total cholesterol/HDL was significantly increased in infected animals compared with noninfected animals [3.13 (2.17–3.38) vs. 2.03 (1.53–2.41), respectively; P = 0.01]. C-reactive protein (CRP) rose in infected animals [10.60 (4.96–18.00) vs. 2.47 (1.44–3.01) µg/ml in noninfected; P <0.01] without significant difference between the mono- and coinfected groups. Among coinfected animals, both CRP and haptoglobin were lower in those fed chol-diet than in those fed standard diet (P <0.05). The vasoconstricting response to ACh was most prominent in coinfected animals {769.3 (594–1,129) cm; P = 0.03 vs. noninfected [342 (309–455) cm] and P = 0.07 vs. monoinfected [415 (252.5–971.8) cm]}. Among monoinfected animals, similar to CRP, a trend for less vasoconstriction was observed in those fed chol-diet (P = 0.08). Coinfection of piglets appears to be associated with more pronounced coronary muscarinic vasomotor dysfunction. In monoinfected animals, use of chol-diet seems to dampen both coronary dysfunction and systemic inflammation induced by infection.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology
    Volume300
    Issue number5
    Pages (from-to)H1595-H1601
    ISSN0363-6135
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Keywords

    • Chlamydia pneumoniae
    • Pig
    • Acetylcholine
    • Coronary vasomotor function

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