Indoor air quality in mechanically ventilated residential dwellings/low-rise buildings: A review of existing information

Amar Aganovic, Mathieu Hamon, Jakub Kolarik, Guangyu Cao

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperResearchpeer-review


Mechanical ventilation has become a mandatory requirement in multiple European standards addressing indoor air quality (IAQ) and ventilation in residential dwellings (single family houses and low-rise apartment buildings). This article presents the state of the art study through a review of the existing literature, to establish a link between ventilation rate and key indoor air pollutants. Design characteristics of a mechanical ventilation system such as supply/exhaustairflow, system and design of supply and exhaust outlets were considered. The performance of various ventilation solutionswas assessed by comparing reported ventilation rates, concentrations of CO2 and total volatile organic compounds (TVOC) to minimum requirements defined by the latest version of the European Standard EN 15251:2007. Based on the literature review of these parameters, the authors noted that whenever the whole-house ventilation rate was reported below 0.5h-1 or 14 l/s·person in bedrooms, the
concentrations of the pollutants elevated above minimum threshold limits (CO2>1350 ppm; TVOC >3000 μg/m3) defined by the standard. Insufficient or non-existent supply of air was related to significantly higher pollutant concentrations. The authors additionally noted that the literature frequently reported the role of improper maintenance and use on deterioration of IAQ in residential dwellings. The summarized data and comments may provide useful information for future guidelines related to ventilation strategies designed for high IAQ in residential dwellings.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event38th AIVC Conference - University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Duration: 13 Sep 201714 Sep 2017
Conference number: 38


Conference38th AIVC Conference
LocationUniversity of Nottingham
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


  • Mechanical ventilation
  • Residential dwellings ventilation rates
  • Pollutants
  • Indoor air quality


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