Independent Validation of the Temperate Super-Earth HD 79211 b using HARPS-N

Victoria DiTomasso*, Chantanelle Nava, Mercedes López-Morales, Allyson Bieryla, Ryan Cloutier, Luca Malavolta, Annelies Mortier, Lars A. Buchhave, Keivan G. Stassun, Alessandro Sozzetti, Aldo Stefano Bonomo, David Charbonneau, Andrew Collier Cameron, Rosario Cosentino, Mario Damasso, Xavier Dumusque, A. F. Martínez Fiorenzano, Adriano Ghedina, Avet Harutyunyan, R. D. HaywoodDavid Latham, Emilio Molinari, Francesco A. Pepe, Matteo Pinamonti, Ennio Poretti, Ken Rice, Dimitar Sasselov, Manu Stalport, Stéphane Udry, Christopher Watson, Thomas G. Wilson

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

We present high-precision radial velocities (RVs) from the HARPS-N spectrograph for HD 79210 and HD 79211, two M0V members of a gravitationally bound binary system. We detect a planet candidate with a period of days around HD 79211 in these HARPS-N RVs, validating the planet candidate originally identified in CARMENES RV data alone. Using HARPS-N, CARMENES, and RVs spanning a total of 25 yr, we further refine the planet candidate parameters to P = 24.422 ± 0.014 days, K = 3.19 ± 0.27 m s−1, M sin i = 10.6 ± 1.2M, and a = 0.142 ± 0.005 au. We do not find any additional planet candidate signals in the data of HD 79211, nor do we find any planet candidate signals in HD 79210. This system adds to the number of exoplanets detected in binaries with M-dwarf members and serves as a case study for planet formation in stellar binaries.
Original languageEnglish
Article number38
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume165
Issue number2
Number of pages22
ISSN0004-6256
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Exoplanet detection methods
  • Radial velocity
  • M dwarf stars
  • Binary stars

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