Increasing the permeability of Escherichia coli using MAC13243

Claudio Muheim, Hansjörg Götzke, Anna U. Eriksson, Stina Lindberg, Ida Lauritsen, Morten Nørholm, Daniel O. Daley

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Abstract

The outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria is a permeability barrier that prevents the efficient uptake of molecules with large scaffolds. As a consequence, a number of antibiotic classes are ineffective against gram-negative strains. Herein we carried out a high throughput screen for small molecules that make the outer membrane of Escherichia coli more permeable. We identified MAC13243, an inhibitor of the periplasmic chaperone LolA that traffics lipoproteins from the inner to the outer membrane. We observed that cells were (1) more permeable to the fluorescent probe 1-N-phenylnapthylamine, and (2) more susceptible to large-scaffold antibiotics when sub-inhibitory concentrations of MAC13243 were used. To exclude the possibility that the permeability was caused by an off-target effect, we genetically reconstructed the MAC13243-phenotype by depleting LolA levels using the CRISPRi system.
Original languageEnglish
Article number17629
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
Number of pages11
ISSN2045-2322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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