Increased Frame Rate for Plane Wave Imaging Without Loss of Image Quality

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Clinical applications of plane wave imaging necessitate the creation of high-quality images with the highest possible frame rate for improved blood flow tracking and anatomical imaging. However, linear array transducers create grating lobe artefacts, which degrade the image quality especially in the near field for λ-pitch transducers. Artefacts can only partly be suppressed by increasing the number of emissions, and this paper demonstrates how the frame rate can be increased without loss of image quality by using λ/2-pitch transducers. The number of emissions and steering angles are optimized in a simulation study to get the best images with as high a frame rate as possible. The optimal setup for a simulated 4.1 MHz λ-pitch transducer is 73 emissions and a maximum steering of 22◦ . The achieved FWHM is 1.3λ and the cystic resolution is -25 dB for a scatter at 9 mm. Only 37 emissions are necessary within the same angle range when using a λ/2-pitch transducer, and the cystic resolution is reduced to -56 dB. Measurements are performed with the experimental SARUS scanner connected to a λ-pitch and λ/2-pitch transducer. A wire phantom and a tissue mimicking phantom containing anechoic cysts are scanned and show the performance using the optimized sequences for the transducers. Measurements confirm results from simulations, and the λ-pitch transducer show artefacts at undesirable strengths of -25 dB for a low number of emissions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium
Number of pages4
Publication date2015
ISBN (Print)9781479981823
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event2015 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium - Taipei, Taiwan, Province of China
Duration: 21 Oct 201524 Oct 2015


Conference2015 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium
Country/TerritoryTaiwan, Province of China
Internet address


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