Incorporation of conjugated linoleic acid and vaccenic acid into lipids from rat tissues and plasma

Pia Lund, Kristen Sejrsen, Ellen Marie Straarup

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    The objective of this study was to determine the incorporation of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) into triacylglycerols (TAG) and phospholipids (PL) of tissues and plasma, and to interpret the role of dietary-derived vaccenic acid (VA) in increasing the tissue content of CLA (c9,t11) and the influence on the fatty acid profile. We fed five groups of rats semi-purified diets with varying levels of CLA and VA: control butter with low CLA (c9,t11) and VA; control butter added 5% CLA (c9,t11); control butter added 5% Tonalin [equal amount of CLA (c9,t11) and CLA (t10,c12)]; control butter added 5% VA; butter with high CLA (c9,t11) and VA (H-CLA), for 3 weeks. The highest incorporation of CLA (c9,t11) was found in adipose tissue, and the lowest was observed in liver. Low intake of CLA (c9,t11) combined with high intake of VA resulted in a higher incorporation of CLA (c9,t11) in tissues due to the conversion of VA to CLA (c9,t11), compared to feeding CLA (c9,t11) without VA. However, in enterocytes, the proportion of CLA (c9,t11) was low after feeding VA, indicating no or only a minor conversion of VA to CLA (c9,t11) in the intestine. The incorporation of CLA (t10,c12) into TAG from plasma and tissues was generally much lower than that of the CLA (c9,t11) isomer, except in the enterocyte TAG, which had similar proportions of the two isomers.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalEuropean Journal of Lipid Science and Technology
    Volume108
    Issue number12
    Pages (from-to)991-998
    ISSN1438-7697
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

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