Incorporating Health Impacts from Exposure to Chemicals in Food Packaging in LCA

Alexi Ernstoff, Xenia Trier, Oliver Jolliet, Peter Fantke

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Life cycle assessments (LCA) on the environmental and public health impacts of food and beverage packaging materials have found some advantages to plastic over glass. Entirely missing from these evaluations are the health impacts of possible chemical, e.g. endocrine dis-ruptor, exposure through migration of chemicals from the packaging into the food product. We build a framework based on a life cycle perspective to predict which chemicals may be in a package that are not intentionally added ingredients, and we apply this approach to the US EPA’s CPCAT database. In total we find 1,154 chemicals within the CPCAT database related to food-contact materials; out of these 107 are potential endocrine disruptors according to the TEDX list of endocrine disruptors. We also build a framework in an effort to begin harmonizing LCA to include health impacts of chemical exposure related to food packaging in conjunction with other traditional LCA environmental impact categories.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 9th International Conference on Life Cycle Assessment in the Agri-Food Sector
EditorsRita Schenck, Douglas Huizenga
Number of pages7
PublisherACLCA
Publication date2014
Pages348-354
ISBN (Print)978-0-9882145-7-6
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event9th International Conference on Life Cycle Assessment in the Agri-food Sector - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 8 Oct 201410 Oct 2014

Conference

Conference9th International Conference on Life Cycle Assessment in the Agri-food Sector
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period08/10/201410/10/2014

Keywords

  • Endocrine disruptor
  • Exposure
  • Food packaging
  • LCA

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