Inactivation of a human kinetochore by specific targeting of chromatin modifiers

Megumi Nakano, Stefano Cardinale, Vladimir N. Noskov, Reto Gassmann, Paola Vagnarelli, Stefanie Kandels-Lewis, Vladimir Larionov, William C. Earnshaw, Hiroshi Masumoto

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We have used a human artificial chromosome (HAC) to manipulate the epigenetic state of chromatin within an active kinetochore. The HAC has a dimeric alpha-satellite repeat containing one natural monomer with a CENP-B binding site, and one completely artificial synthetic monomer with the CENP-B box replaced by a tetracycline operator (tetO). This HAC exhibits normal kinetochore protein composition and mitotic stability. Targeting of several tet-repressor (tetR) fusions into the centromere had no effect on kinetochore function. However, altering the chromatin state to a more open configuration with the tTA transcriptional activator or to a more closed state with the tTS transcription silencer caused missegregation and loss of the HAC. tTS binding caused the loss of CENP-A, CENP-B, CENP-C, and H3K4me2 from the centromere accompanied by an accumulation of histone H3K9me3. Our results reveal that a dynamic balance between centromeric chromatin and heterochromatin is essential for vertebrate kinetochore activity.
Original languageEnglish
JournalDevelopmental Cell
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)507-522
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Open Access funded by Wellcome Trust. Under a Creative Commons license


  • Cellbio
  • DNA


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