Human and mouse liver microsomes And membranes isolated from Escherichia coli, which expressed cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2, 3A4 2C9 or 2D6, were used to investigate CYP-mediated metabolism of five selected dietary flavonoids. In human and mouse liver microsomes kaempferol, apigenin and naringenin were hydroxylated at the 3'-position to yield their corresponding analogs quercetin, luteolin and eriodietyol, whereas hesperetin and tamarixetin were demethylated at the 4'-position to yield eriodictyol and quercetin. respectively, Microsomal flavonoid metabolism as potently inhibited by the CYP1A2 inhibitors. fluvoxamine and alpha-naphthoflavone. Recombinant CYP1A2 as capable of metabolizing all five investigated flavonoids. CYP3A4 recombinant protein did not catalyze hesperetin demethylation. but showed similar metabolic profiles for the remaining compounds, as did human microsomes and recombinant CYP1A2. although the reaction rates in general were lower as compared to CYP1A2. CYP2C9 catalyzed the 4'-demethylation of tamarixetin, whereas CYP2D6 did not seem to play any role in the metabolism of the selected flavonoids. The major involvement in flavonoid metabolism of human CYP1A2, which mediates the formation of metabolites with different biochemical properties as compared to the parent compound and furthermore is known to he expressed very differently among individuals, raises the important question of whether individual differences in the CYP enzyme activity might affect the beneficial outcome of dietary flavonoids, rendering some individuals more or less refractors to the health-promoting potential of dietary flavonoids.
- cytochrome P450
Breinholt, V., Offord, E. A., Brouwer, C., Nielsen, S. E., Brøsen, K., & Friedberg, T. (2002). In vitro investigation of cytochrome P450-mediated metabolism of dietary flavonoids. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 40(5), 609-616. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0278-6915(01)00125-9