In Situ XRD Investigations on Structural Change of P2-Layered Materials during Electrochemical Sodiation/Desodiation

Young Hwa Jung, Rune E. Johnsen, Ane Sælland Christiansen, Poul Norby, Do Kyung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalConference abstract in journalResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Sodium layered oxides (NaxMO2) are attractive as positive electrode materials for rechargeable sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) due to high capacity, fast ionic diffusion and simple synthetic process. O3-layered lithium compounds have led successful commercialization of current lithium-ion batteries; as a result, rich experiences for structural studies of O3-layered compounds have been accumulated over the past decades. For sodium layered oxides, however, P2-layered compounds have been reported for better cyclability and structural stability during electrochemical reactions than O3-structure. Therefore, systematic studies on P2-layered materials for SIBs are highly required. In this study, we report the structural and electrochemical property of P2-NaxFeyMnyCo1-2yO2 synthesized by simple solid state reaction. The X-ray diffraction pattern of as-synthesized powder is indexed as a hexagonal lattice (P63/mmc, No.194), which is identical to P2-layered structure. The structural changes in hexagonal P2-layered oxides have been investigated during electrochemical sodiation/desodiation by in-situ synchrotron X-ray diffractions of a capillary based micro battery cell. From the result of in-situ studies, the initial layered structure is maintained from 2.0 to 4.0 V vs. Na+/Na during first desodiation. The phase transformation is observed over the 4.0 V, but the original P2 structure is completely restored at the following sodiation process. The relationship between structural and electrochemical properties of this P2-layered material will be discussed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalElectrochemical Society. Meeting Abstracts (Online)
VolumeMA2014-04
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)354-354
Number of pages1
ISSN2151-2043
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event17th International Meeting on Lithium Batteries - Como, Italy
Duration: 10 Jun 201414 Jun 2014
Conference number: 17

Conference

Conference17th International Meeting on Lithium Batteries
Number17
CountryItaly
CityComo
Period10/06/201414/06/2014

Keywords

  • Session 3 - Anodes and Cathodes Posters - Jun 10 2014 4:00PM

Cite this

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title = "In Situ XRD Investigations on Structural Change of P2-Layered Materials during Electrochemical Sodiation/Desodiation",
abstract = "Sodium layered oxides (NaxMO2) are attractive as positive electrode materials for rechargeable sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) due to high capacity, fast ionic diffusion and simple synthetic process. O3-layered lithium compounds have led successful commercialization of current lithium-ion batteries; as a result, rich experiences for structural studies of O3-layered compounds have been accumulated over the past decades. For sodium layered oxides, however, P2-layered compounds have been reported for better cyclability and structural stability during electrochemical reactions than O3-structure. Therefore, systematic studies on P2-layered materials for SIBs are highly required. In this study, we report the structural and electrochemical property of P2-NaxFeyMnyCo1-2yO2 synthesized by simple solid state reaction. The X-ray diffraction pattern of as-synthesized powder is indexed as a hexagonal lattice (P63/mmc, No.194), which is identical to P2-layered structure. The structural changes in hexagonal P2-layered oxides have been investigated during electrochemical sodiation/desodiation by in-situ synchrotron X-ray diffractions of a capillary based micro battery cell. From the result of in-situ studies, the initial layered structure is maintained from 2.0 to 4.0 V vs. Na+/Na during first desodiation. The phase transformation is observed over the 4.0 V, but the original P2 structure is completely restored at the following sodiation process. The relationship between structural and electrochemical properties of this P2-layered material will be discussed.",
keywords = "Session 3 - Anodes and Cathodes Posters - Jun 10 2014 4:00PM",
author = "Jung, {Young Hwa} and Johnsen, {Rune E.} and Christiansen, {Ane S{\ae}lland} and Poul Norby and Kim, {Do Kyung}",
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In Situ XRD Investigations on Structural Change of P2-Layered Materials during Electrochemical Sodiation/Desodiation. / Jung, Young Hwa; Johnsen, Rune E.; Christiansen, Ane Sælland; Norby, Poul; Kim, Do Kyung.

In: Electrochemical Society. Meeting Abstracts (Online), Vol. MA2014-04, No. 2, 2014, p. 354-354.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference abstract in journalResearchpeer-review

TY - ABST

T1 - In Situ XRD Investigations on Structural Change of P2-Layered Materials during Electrochemical Sodiation/Desodiation

AU - Jung, Young Hwa

AU - Johnsen, Rune E.

AU - Christiansen, Ane Sælland

AU - Norby, Poul

AU - Kim, Do Kyung

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Sodium layered oxides (NaxMO2) are attractive as positive electrode materials for rechargeable sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) due to high capacity, fast ionic diffusion and simple synthetic process. O3-layered lithium compounds have led successful commercialization of current lithium-ion batteries; as a result, rich experiences for structural studies of O3-layered compounds have been accumulated over the past decades. For sodium layered oxides, however, P2-layered compounds have been reported for better cyclability and structural stability during electrochemical reactions than O3-structure. Therefore, systematic studies on P2-layered materials for SIBs are highly required. In this study, we report the structural and electrochemical property of P2-NaxFeyMnyCo1-2yO2 synthesized by simple solid state reaction. The X-ray diffraction pattern of as-synthesized powder is indexed as a hexagonal lattice (P63/mmc, No.194), which is identical to P2-layered structure. The structural changes in hexagonal P2-layered oxides have been investigated during electrochemical sodiation/desodiation by in-situ synchrotron X-ray diffractions of a capillary based micro battery cell. From the result of in-situ studies, the initial layered structure is maintained from 2.0 to 4.0 V vs. Na+/Na during first desodiation. The phase transformation is observed over the 4.0 V, but the original P2 structure is completely restored at the following sodiation process. The relationship between structural and electrochemical properties of this P2-layered material will be discussed.

AB - Sodium layered oxides (NaxMO2) are attractive as positive electrode materials for rechargeable sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) due to high capacity, fast ionic diffusion and simple synthetic process. O3-layered lithium compounds have led successful commercialization of current lithium-ion batteries; as a result, rich experiences for structural studies of O3-layered compounds have been accumulated over the past decades. For sodium layered oxides, however, P2-layered compounds have been reported for better cyclability and structural stability during electrochemical reactions than O3-structure. Therefore, systematic studies on P2-layered materials for SIBs are highly required. In this study, we report the structural and electrochemical property of P2-NaxFeyMnyCo1-2yO2 synthesized by simple solid state reaction. The X-ray diffraction pattern of as-synthesized powder is indexed as a hexagonal lattice (P63/mmc, No.194), which is identical to P2-layered structure. The structural changes in hexagonal P2-layered oxides have been investigated during electrochemical sodiation/desodiation by in-situ synchrotron X-ray diffractions of a capillary based micro battery cell. From the result of in-situ studies, the initial layered structure is maintained from 2.0 to 4.0 V vs. Na+/Na during first desodiation. The phase transformation is observed over the 4.0 V, but the original P2 structure is completely restored at the following sodiation process. The relationship between structural and electrochemical properties of this P2-layered material will be discussed.

KW - Session 3 - Anodes and Cathodes Posters - Jun 10 2014 4:00PM

M3 - Conference abstract in journal

VL - MA2014-04

SP - 354

EP - 354

JO - Electrochemical Society. Meeting Abstracts (Online)

JF - Electrochemical Society. Meeting Abstracts (Online)

SN - 2151-2043

IS - 2

ER -