In situ measurements of the oblique incidence sound absorption coefficient for finite sized absorbers

Marco Ottink, Jonas Brunskog, Cheol-Ho Jeong, Efren Fernandez Grande, Per Trojgaard, Elisabet Tiana Roig

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Absorption coefficients are mostly measured in reverberation rooms or with impedance tubes. Since these methods are only suitable for measuring the random incidence and the normal incidence
absorption coefficient, there exists an increasing need for absorption coefficient measurement of finite absorbers at oblique incidence in situ. Due to the edge diffraction effect, oblique incidence
methods considering an infinite sample fail to measure the absorption coefficient at large incidence angles of finite samples. This paper aims for the development of a measurement method that
accounts for the finiteness of the absorber. A sound field model, which accounts for scattering from the finite absorber edges, assuming plane wave incidence is derived. A significant influence of the
finiteness on the radiation impedance and the corresponding absorption coefficient is found. A finite surface method, which combines microphone array measurements over a finite sample with the
sound field model in an inverse manner, is proposed. Besides, a temporal subtraction method, a microphone array method, impedance tube measurements, and an equivalent fluid model are used
for validation. The finite surface method gives promising agreement with theory, especially at near grazing incidence. Thus, the finite surface method is proposed for further measurements at large
incidence angles.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)41–52
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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