Improving the efficiency of upconversion by light concentration using nanoparticle design: Topical Review

S. P. Madsen, J. Christiansen, Rasmus Ellebæk Christiansen, J. Vester-Petersen, S. H. Møller, H. Lakhotiya, A. Nazir, E. Eriksen, S. Roesgaard, Ole Sigmund, J. S. Lissau, E. Destouesse, M. Madsen, B. Julsgaard, P. Balling*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Upconversion of sunlight with energy below the band gap of a solar cell is a promising technique for enhancing the cell efficiency, simply by utilizing a larger part of the solar spectrum. The present topical review addresses this concept and discusses the material properties needed for an efficient upconversion process with focus on both silicon and organic solar cells. To design efficient upconverters, insight into topics such as quantum-optics, nano-optics, numerical modeling, optimization, material fabrication, and material characterization is paramount, and the necessary concepts are introduced throughout the review. Upconversion modeling is done using rate equations, while optical modeling is done by solving Maxwell’s equations using the finite element method. Topology optimization is introduced and used to generate geometries of gold nanoparticles capable of greatly enhancing the upconversion yield. Fabrication and experimental characterization methods are discussed. Some recent results are presented and finally the possibility of designing upconverting materials capable of increasing the short-circuit current in a solar cell is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number073001
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Volume53
Issue number7
Number of pages39
ISSN0022-3727
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Spectral upconversion
  • Plasmonic near-field effects
  • Solar cell efficiencies

Cite this

Madsen, S. P. ; Christiansen, J. ; Christiansen, Rasmus Ellebæk ; Vester-Petersen, J. ; Møller, S. H. ; Lakhotiya, H. ; Nazir, A. ; Eriksen, E. ; Roesgaard, S. ; Sigmund, Ole ; Lissau, J. S. ; Destouesse, E. ; Madsen, M. ; Julsgaard, B. ; Balling, P. / Improving the efficiency of upconversion by light concentration using nanoparticle design : Topical Review. In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. 2020 ; Vol. 53, No. 7.
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title = "Improving the efficiency of upconversion by light concentration using nanoparticle design: Topical Review",
abstract = "Upconversion of sunlight with energy below the band gap of a solar cell is a promising technique for enhancing the cell efficiency, simply by utilizing a larger part of the solar spectrum. The present topical review addresses this concept and discusses the material properties needed for an efficient upconversion process with focus on both silicon and organic solar cells. To design efficient upconverters, insight into topics such as quantum-optics, nano-optics, numerical modeling, optimization, material fabrication, and material characterization is paramount, and the necessary concepts are introduced throughout the review. Upconversion modeling is done using rate equations, while optical modeling is done by solving Maxwell’s equations using the finite element method. Topology optimization is introduced and used to generate geometries of gold nanoparticles capable of greatly enhancing the upconversion yield. Fabrication and experimental characterization methods are discussed. Some recent results are presented and finally the possibility of designing upconverting materials capable of increasing the short-circuit current in a solar cell is discussed.",
keywords = "Spectral upconversion, Plasmonic near-field effects, Solar cell efficiencies",
author = "Madsen, {S. P.} and J. Christiansen and Christiansen, {Rasmus Elleb{\ae}k} and J. Vester-Petersen and M{\o}ller, {S. H.} and H. Lakhotiya and A. Nazir and E. Eriksen and S. Roesgaard and Ole Sigmund and Lissau, {J. S.} and E. Destouesse and M. Madsen and B. Julsgaard and P. Balling",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1088/1361-6463/ab5553",
language = "English",
volume = "53",
journal = "Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics",
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Madsen, SP, Christiansen, J, Christiansen, RE, Vester-Petersen, J, Møller, SH, Lakhotiya, H, Nazir, A, Eriksen, E, Roesgaard, S, Sigmund, O, Lissau, JS, Destouesse, E, Madsen, M, Julsgaard, B & Balling, P 2020, 'Improving the efficiency of upconversion by light concentration using nanoparticle design: Topical Review', Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 53, no. 7, 073001. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/ab5553

Improving the efficiency of upconversion by light concentration using nanoparticle design : Topical Review. / Madsen, S. P.; Christiansen, J.; Christiansen, Rasmus Ellebæk; Vester-Petersen, J.; Møller, S. H.; Lakhotiya, H.; Nazir, A.; Eriksen, E.; Roesgaard, S.; Sigmund, Ole; Lissau, J. S.; Destouesse, E.; Madsen, M.; Julsgaard, B.; Balling, P.

In: Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 53, No. 7, 073001, 2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Improving the efficiency of upconversion by light concentration using nanoparticle design

T2 - Topical Review

AU - Madsen, S. P.

AU - Christiansen, J.

AU - Christiansen, Rasmus Ellebæk

AU - Vester-Petersen, J.

AU - Møller, S. H.

AU - Lakhotiya, H.

AU - Nazir, A.

AU - Eriksen, E.

AU - Roesgaard, S.

AU - Sigmund, Ole

AU - Lissau, J. S.

AU - Destouesse, E.

AU - Madsen, M.

AU - Julsgaard, B.

AU - Balling, P.

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Upconversion of sunlight with energy below the band gap of a solar cell is a promising technique for enhancing the cell efficiency, simply by utilizing a larger part of the solar spectrum. The present topical review addresses this concept and discusses the material properties needed for an efficient upconversion process with focus on both silicon and organic solar cells. To design efficient upconverters, insight into topics such as quantum-optics, nano-optics, numerical modeling, optimization, material fabrication, and material characterization is paramount, and the necessary concepts are introduced throughout the review. Upconversion modeling is done using rate equations, while optical modeling is done by solving Maxwell’s equations using the finite element method. Topology optimization is introduced and used to generate geometries of gold nanoparticles capable of greatly enhancing the upconversion yield. Fabrication and experimental characterization methods are discussed. Some recent results are presented and finally the possibility of designing upconverting materials capable of increasing the short-circuit current in a solar cell is discussed.

AB - Upconversion of sunlight with energy below the band gap of a solar cell is a promising technique for enhancing the cell efficiency, simply by utilizing a larger part of the solar spectrum. The present topical review addresses this concept and discusses the material properties needed for an efficient upconversion process with focus on both silicon and organic solar cells. To design efficient upconverters, insight into topics such as quantum-optics, nano-optics, numerical modeling, optimization, material fabrication, and material characterization is paramount, and the necessary concepts are introduced throughout the review. Upconversion modeling is done using rate equations, while optical modeling is done by solving Maxwell’s equations using the finite element method. Topology optimization is introduced and used to generate geometries of gold nanoparticles capable of greatly enhancing the upconversion yield. Fabrication and experimental characterization methods are discussed. Some recent results are presented and finally the possibility of designing upconverting materials capable of increasing the short-circuit current in a solar cell is discussed.

KW - Spectral upconversion

KW - Plasmonic near-field effects

KW - Solar cell efficiencies

U2 - 10.1088/1361-6463/ab5553

DO - 10.1088/1361-6463/ab5553

M3 - Journal article

VL - 53

JO - Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics

JF - Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics

SN - 0022-3727

IS - 7

M1 - 073001

ER -