Improving FSA as a Prerequisite for Risk-Based GBS

Christos A. Kontovas, Harilaos N. Psaraftis, Panos Zachariadis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


The international shipping industry has begun to move from a reactive to a proactive approach to safety through what is known as “Formal Safety Assessment” (FSA). The recent “Goal Based Standards” (GBS) approach is focused towards being another proactive instrument. Much of the recent debate at IMO is whether the GBS should be “Risk-Based,” that is, whether it should use the full arsenal of risk-related methodologies that are already developed which includes FSA. The purpose of this paper is to outline possible improvements in the FSA process so that Risk-Based GBS can proceed smoothly without problems. To that end, a critical review of the FSA methodology is carried out with proposals on ways to improve it. All steps of the FSA approach are studied to identify possible pitfalls and/or other deficiencies. At this point some proposals are made to alleviate such deficiencies, with a view to achieve a clearer and more objective approach.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of PRADS 2007
Number of pages9
Publication date2007
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes
Event10th International Symposium on Practical Design of Ships and Other Floating Structures - Houston, TX, United States
Duration: 1 Oct 20075 Oct 2007
Conference number: 10


Conference10th International Symposium on Practical Design of Ships and Other Floating Structures
CountryUnited States
CityHouston, TX


  • Maritime Safety
  • Formal Safety Assessment;
  • Goal Based Standards
  • Risk-Based GBS
  • Safety-Level Approach to GBS


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