Improvement of Infrared Detectors for Tissue Oximetry using Black Silicon Nanostructures

Søren Dahl Petersen, Rasmus Schmidt Davidsen, Lucia R. Alcala, Michael Stenbæk Schmidt, Anja Boisen, Ole Hansen, Erik Vilain Thomsen

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    Abstract

    We present a nanostructured surface, made of dry etched black silicon, which lowers the reflectance for light incident at all angles. This surface is fabricated on infrared detectors used for tissue oximetry, where the detection of weak diffuse light signals is important. Monte Carlo simulations performed on a model of a neonatal head shows that approximately 60% of the injected light will be diffuse reflected. However, the change in diffuse reflected light due to the change in cerebral oxygenation is very low and the light will be completely isotropic scattered. The reflectance of the black silicon surface was measured for different angels of incident and was fund to be below 10% for angles of incident up to 70°. The quantum efficiency of detectors with the black silicon nanostructures was measured and compared to detectors with a simple anti-reflection coating. The result was an improvement in quantum efficiency for both normal incident light and light incident at 38°.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalProcedia Engineering
    Volume87
    Pages (from-to)652-655
    Number of pages4
    ISSN1877-7058
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014
    EventEurosensors 2014 - Brescia, Italy
    Duration: 7 Sep 201410 Sep 2014

    Conference

    ConferenceEurosensors 2014
    CountryItaly
    CityBrescia
    Period07/09/201410/09/2014

    Keywords

    • Tissue oximetry
    • Infrared detectors
    • Black detectors
    • Black silicon
    • Quantum efficiency
    • Diffuse reflected light

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