A near wake model, originally proposed by Beddoes, is further developed. The purpose of the model is to account for the radially dependent time constants of the fast aerodynamic response and to provide a tip loss correction. It is based on lifting line theory and models the downwash due to roughly the first 90 degrees of rotation. This restriction of the model to the near wake allows for using a computationally efficient indicial function algorithm. The aim of this study is to improve the accuracy of the downwash close to the root and tip of the blade and to decrease the sensitivity of the model to temporal discretization, both regarding numerical stability and quality of the results. The modified near wake model is coupled to an aerodynamics model, which consists of a blade element momentum model with dynamic inflow for the far wake and a 2D shed vorticity model that simulates the unsteady buildup of both lift and circulation in the attached flow region. The near wake model is validated against the test case of a finite wing with constant elliptical bound circulation. An unsteady simulation of the NREL 5 MW rotor shows the functionality of the coupled model.
|Book series||Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Online)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
|Event||The science of Making Torque from Wind 2012: 4th scientific conference - Universität Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany|
Duration: 9 Oct 2012 → 11 Oct 2012
|Conference||The science of Making Torque from Wind 2012|
|Period||09/10/2012 → 11/10/2012|