Improved methods to deduct trip legs and mode from travel surveys using wearable GPS devices: A case study from the Greater Copenhagen area

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    Abstract

    GPS data collection has become an important means of investigating travel behaviour. This is because such data ideally provide far more detailed information on route choice and travel patterns over a longer time period than possible from traditional travel survey methods. Wearing a GPS unit is furthermore less requiring for the respondents than filling out (large) questionnaires. It places however high requirements to the post-processing of the data. This study developed and tested a combined fuzzy logic and GIS-based algorithm to process raw GPS data. The algorithm is applied to GPS data collected in the highly complex large-scale multi-modal transport network of the Greater Copenhagen area. It detects trips, trip legs and distinguishes between five modes of transport. The algorithm was validated by comparing with a control questionnaire collected among the same persons and a sensitivity analysis was performed. This showed that the algorithm (i) identified corresponding trip legs for 82% of the reported trip legs, (ii) avoided classifying non-trips such as scatter around activities as trip legs, (iii) identified the correct mode of transport for more than 90% of trip legs, and (iv) were robust towards the specification of the model parameters and thresholds. The method thus makes it possible to use GPS for travel surveys in large-scale multi-modal networks.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalComputers, Environment and Urban Systems
    Volume54
    Pages (from-to)301–313
    ISSN0198-9715
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Keywords

    • GIS
    • GPS data processing
    • Handheld GPS
    • Multi-modal travel survey
    • Revealed preference data
    • Algorithms
    • Complex networks
    • Fuzzy logic
    • Geographic information systems
    • Global positioning system
    • Sensitivity analysis
    • Surveys
    • Transportation
    • Transportation routes
    • Wearable technology
    • GPS data
    • Hand-held GPS
    • Mode of transport
    • Multi-modal travels
    • Multimodal network
    • Multimodal transport
    • Revealed preference datum
    • Travel behaviour
    • Data handling

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