Improved energy production of multi-rotor wind farms

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The multi-rotor (MR) wind turbine concept can be used to upscale wind turbines without increasing the rotor diameter, which can be beneficial for transport, manufacture and design of wind turbines blades. The rotor interaction of a MR wind turbine leads to a faster wake recovery compared to an equivalent single-rotor (SR) wind turbine wake. In this article, the benefit of the faster wake recovery of MR wind turbines is quantified using Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes simulations of a 4}4 rectangular MR wind farm, for three different inter wind turbine spacings. The simulations predict an increase of 0.3-1.7% in annual energy production for the MR wind farm with respect to an equivalent SR wind farm, where the highest gain is obtained for the tightest inter wind turbine spacing. The gain in AEP is mainly caused by the aligned wind directions for the first downstream wind turbine in a wind turbine row of the MR wind farm, which is verified by an additional large-eddy simulation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Wake Conference 2019
Number of pages112
PublisherIOP Publishing
Publication date2019
Article number012011
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventWake Conference 2019 - Uppsala University Campus Gotland, Visby, Sweden
Duration: 22 May 201924 May 2019


ConferenceWake Conference 2019
LocationUppsala University Campus Gotland
Internet address
SeriesJournal of Physics: Conference Series
NumberConf. 1


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