Improved Collective Thomson Scattering measurements of fast ions at ASDEX Upgrade

Jesper Rasmussen, Stefan Kragh Nielsen, Morten Stejner Pedersen, Mirko Salewski, Asger Schou Jacobsen, Søren Bang Korsholm, Frank Leipold, Fernando Meo, Poul Michelsen, Dmitry Moseev, M. Schubert, J. Stober, G. Tardini, D. Wagner

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Abstract

Understanding the behaviour of the confined fast ions is important in both current and future fusion experiments. These ions play a key role in heating the plasma and will be crucial for achieving conditions for burning plasma in next-step fusion devices. Microwave-based Collective Thomson Scattering (CTS) is well suited for reactor conditions and offers such an opportunity by providing measurements of the confined fast-ion distribution function resolved in space, time and 1D velocity space. We currently operate a CTS system at ASDEX Upgrade using a gyrotron which generates probing radiation at 105 GHz. A new setup using two independent receiver systems has enabled improved subtraction of the background signal, and hence the first accurate characterization of fast-ion properties. Here we review this new dual-receiver CTS setup and present results on fast-ion measurements based on the improved background characterization. These results have been obtained both with and without NBI heating, and with the measurement volume located close to the centre of the plasma. The measurements agree quantitatively with predictions of numerical simulations. Hence, CTS studies of fast-ion dynamics at ASDEX Upgrade are now feasible. The new background subtraction technique could be important for the design of CTS systems in other fusion experiments.
Original languageEnglish
JournalA I P Conference Proceedings Series
Volume1612
Pages (from-to)117-120
Number of pages4
ISSN0094-243X
Publication statusPublished - 2014
EventInternational Conference on Fusion Reactor Diagnostics - Varenna, Italy
Duration: 9 Sep 201313 Sep 2013

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Fusion Reactor Diagnostics
CountryItaly
CityVarenna
Period09/09/201313/09/2013

Cite this

Rasmussen, J., Nielsen, S. K., Stejner Pedersen, M., Salewski, M., Jacobsen, A. S., Korsholm, S. B., Leipold, F., Meo, F., Michelsen, P., Moseev, D., Schubert, M., Stober, J., Tardini, G., & Wagner, D. (2014). Improved Collective Thomson Scattering measurements of fast ions at ASDEX Upgrade. A I P Conference Proceedings Series, 1612, 117-120.