Impossibility of bosonic autonomous entanglement engines in the weak-coupling limit

Bradley Longstaff, Michael G. Jabbour, Jonatan Bohr Brask

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Abstract

Entanglement is a fundamental feature of quantum physics and a key resource for quantum communication, computing, and sensing. Entangled states are fragile and maintaining coherence is a central challenge in quantum information processing. Nevertheless, entanglement can be generated and stabilized through dissipative processes. In fact, entanglement has been shown to exist in the steady state of certain interacting quantum systems subject solely to incoherent coupling to thermal baths. This has been demonstrated in a range of bi- and multipartite settings using systems of finite dimension. Here we focus on the steady state of infinite-dimensional bosonic systems. Specifically, we consider any set of bosonic modes undergoing excitation-number-preserving interactions of arbitrary strength and divided between an arbitrary number of parties that each couple weakly to thermal baths at different temperatures. We show that a unique steady state is always separable.
Original languageEnglish
Article number032209
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume108
Issue number3
Number of pages7
ISSN2469-9926
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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