Implementation of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) in the early stages of product development

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Abstract

The paper aims to outline the problems for the designer in evaluating the environmental benignity of the product from the outset and to provide the designer with a framework for decision support based on the performance evaluation at different stages of the design process. The overall aim of the paper is to provide an understanding of the environmental issues involved in the early stages of product development and the capacity of life cycle assessment techniques to address these issues. An Environmentally Conscious Design method is introduced and trade-offs are presented between design degrees of freedom and environmental solutions. Life cycle design frameworks and strategies are addressed. The paper collects experiences and ideas around the state-of-the-art in eco-design, from literature and personal experience and further provides eco-design life cycle assessment strategies. The result of the paper is a definition of the requirements for performance measurement techniques and a performance measurement environment necessary to support life cycle evaluation throughout the evaluation of early stages of a product system.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCIRP Life Cycle Engineering Seminar proceedings, Copenhagen, 2003
EditorsMichael Zwicky Hauschild, Leo Alting, Christine Molin, Christian Poll
Publication date2003
ISBN (Print)87-91035-01-5
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Event10th CIRP Seminar on Life Cycle Engineering - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 22 May 200323 May 2003
Conference number: 10

Conference

Conference10th CIRP Seminar on Life Cycle Engineering
Number10
CountryDenmark
CityCopenhagen
Period22/05/200323/05/2003

Keywords

  • LCA
  • Product modelling
  • Product development
  • Ecodesign
  • Product life
  • PD methods
  • Tools

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