Implementation of an Electric Vehicle Test Bed Controlled by a Virtual Power Plant for Contributing to Regulating Power Reserves

Francesco Marra, Dario Sacchetti, Anders Bro Pedersen, Peter Bach Andersen, Chresten Træholt, Esben Larsen

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    With the increased focus on Electric Vehicles (EV) research and the potential benefits they bring for smart grid
    applications, there is a growing need for an evaluation platform connected to the electricity grid. This paper addresses the design
    of an EV test bed, which using real EV components and communication interfaces, is able to respond in real-time to
    smart grid control signals. The EV test bed is equipped with a Lithium-ion battery pack, a Battery Management System (BMS),
    a charger and a Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) unit for feeding power back to the grid. The designed solution serves as a
    multifunctional grid-interactive EV, which a Virtual Power Plant (VPP) or a generic EV coordinator could use for testing different
    control strategies, such as EV contribution to regulating power reserves. The EV coordination is realized using the IEC 61850
    modeling standard in the communication. Regulating power requests from the Danish TSO are used as a proof-of-concept, to
    demonstrate the EV test bed power response. Test results have proven the capability to respond to frequent power control
    requests and they reveal the potential EV ability for contributing to regulating power reserves.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2012 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting
    Number of pages7
    Publication date2012
    ISBN (Print)9781467327275
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    Event2012 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting - Manchester Grand Hyatt, San Diego, United States
    Duration: 22 Jul 201226 Jul 2012


    Conference2012 IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting
    LocationManchester Grand Hyatt
    Country/TerritoryUnited States
    CitySan Diego
    Internet address


    • Electric vehicles
    • Test Bed
    • Regulating power
    • Virtual Power Plant


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