Impact of Turbulent Time Scales on Wake Recovery and Operation

E L Hodgson*, M H Aa Madsen, N Troldborg, S J Andersen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Enhancing wake recovery behind wind turbines has the potential to significantly improve the power production and efficiency of large wind farms. Rather than investigating turbine control strategies, floater motion or global turbulent quantities such as turbulence intensity, this work aims to study wake stability and recovery through a focus on the turbulent scales of the inflow. Using Large Eddy Simulations of a single turbine, sinusoidal streamwise forcing is applied to the inflow with a constant amplitude and mean flow velocity, but differing time scales between 80s and 140s. For all applied time scales the turbine wake is characterised by the rolling-up of the near wake into the periodic shedding of vortex rings, and an excitation of the applied forcing frequency resulting in velocity fluctuations in the wake several times larger than that at the inflow. For shorter time scales (80s - 90s) a more aggressive and earlier wake roll-up led to a shorter near wake region, faster overall recovery and significantly improved the expected power output from 6R downstream onwards. An inflow time period of 80s gave rise to more than a 50% increase in power output of a fictive downstream turbine placed at 14R downstream, compared to an inflow time scale of 140s.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWind and Wind Farms; Measurement and Testing
Number of pages12
PublisherIOP Publishing
Publication date2022
Article number022022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022
EventThe Science of Making Torque from Wind 2022 - Delft, Netherlands
Duration: 1 Jun 20223 Jun 2022
Conference number: 9
https://www.torque2022.eu/

Conference

ConferenceThe Science of Making Torque from Wind 2022
Number9
Country/TerritoryNetherlands
CityDelft
Period01/06/202203/06/2022
Internet address
SeriesJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Number2
Volume2265
ISSN1742-6596

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