Impact of pointing errors on the performance of generalized atmospheric optical channels

Antonio Jurado-Navas, José M. Garrido Balsells, José Francisco Paris, Miguel Castillo-Vazquez, Antonio Puerta Notario

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Recently, a new and generalized statistical model, calledM or Málaga distribution, was proposed to model the irradiance fluctuations of an unbounded optical wavefront (plane and spherical waves) propagating through a turbulent medium under all irradiance fluctuation conditions in homogeneous, isotropic turbulence. Málaga distribution was demonstrated to have the advantage of unifying most of the proposed statistical models derived until now in the bibliography in a closed-form expression providing, in addition, an excellent agreement with published plane wave and spherical wave simulation data over a wide range of turbulence conditions (weak to strong). Now, such a model is completed by including the adverse effect of pointing error losses due to misalignment. In this respect, the well-known effects of aperture size, beam width and jitter variance are taken into account. Accordingly, after presenting the analytical expressions for the combined distribution of scintillation and pointing errors, we derive its centered moments of the overall probability distribution. Finally, we obtain the analytical expressions for the average bit error rate performance for the M distribution affected by pointing errors. Numerical results show the impact of misalignment on link performance.
Original languageEnglish
JournalOptics Express
Issue number11
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes


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