Impact of nanoparticle size and lattice oxygen on water oxidation on NiFeOxHy

C. Roy, Béla Sebok, B. Scott, E.M. Fiordaliso, J.E. Sørensen, A. Bodin, D.B. Trimarco, C.D. Damsgaard, P.C.K. Vesborg, O. Hansen, I.E.L. Stephens, J. Kibsgaard, Ib Chorkendorff*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

NiFeOxHy are the most active catalysts for oxygen evolution in a base. For this reason, they are used widely in alkaline electrolysers. Several open questions remain as to the reason for their exceptionally high catalytic activity. Here we use a model system of mass-selected NiFe nanoparticles and isotope labelling experiments to show that oxygen evolution in 1 M KOH does not proceed via lattice exchange. We complement our activity measurements with electrochemistry–mass spectrometry, taken under operando conditions, and transmission electron microscopy and low-energy ion-scattering spectroscopy, taken ex situ. Together with the trends in particle size, the isotope results indicate that oxygen evolution is limited to the near-surface region. Using the surface area of the particles, we determined that the turnover frequency was 6.2 ± 1.6 s−1 at an overpotential of 0.3 V, which is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest reported for oxygen evolution in alkaline solution.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNature Catalysis
Volume1
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)820-829
Number of pages10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Cite this

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title = "Impact of nanoparticle size and lattice oxygen on water oxidation on NiFeOxHy",
abstract = "NiFeOxHy are the most active catalysts for oxygen evolution in a base. For this reason, they are used widely in alkaline electrolysers. Several open questions remain as to the reason for their exceptionally high catalytic activity. Here we use a model system of mass-selected NiFe nanoparticles and isotope labelling experiments to show that oxygen evolution in 1 M KOH does not proceed via lattice exchange. We complement our activity measurements with electrochemistry–mass spectrometry, taken under operando conditions, and transmission electron microscopy and low-energy ion-scattering spectroscopy, taken ex situ. Together with the trends in particle size, the isotope results indicate that oxygen evolution is limited to the near-surface region. Using the surface area of the particles, we determined that the turnover frequency was 6.2 ± 1.6 s−1 at an overpotential of 0.3 V, which is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest reported for oxygen evolution in alkaline solution.",
author = "C. Roy and B{\'e}la Sebok and B. Scott and E.M. Fiordaliso and J.E. S{\o}rensen and A. Bodin and D.B. Trimarco and C.D. Damsgaard and P.C.K. Vesborg and O. Hansen and I.E.L. Stephens and J. Kibsgaard and Ib Chorkendorff",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1038/s41929-018-0162-x",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
pages = "820--829",
journal = "Nature Catalysis",
issn = "2520-1158",
publisher = "Macmillan Publishers Limited",
number = "11",

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Impact of nanoparticle size and lattice oxygen on water oxidation on NiFeOxHy. / Roy, C.; Sebok, Béla; Scott, B.; Fiordaliso, E.M.; Sørensen, J.E.; Bodin, A.; Trimarco, D.B.; Damsgaard, C.D.; Vesborg, P.C.K.; Hansen, O.; Stephens, I.E.L.; Kibsgaard, J.; Chorkendorff, Ib.

In: Nature Catalysis, Vol. 1, No. 11, 2018, p. 820-829.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of nanoparticle size and lattice oxygen on water oxidation on NiFeOxHy

AU - Roy, C.

AU - Sebok, Béla

AU - Scott, B.

AU - Fiordaliso, E.M.

AU - Sørensen, J.E.

AU - Bodin, A.

AU - Trimarco, D.B.

AU - Damsgaard, C.D.

AU - Vesborg, P.C.K.

AU - Hansen, O.

AU - Stephens, I.E.L.

AU - Kibsgaard, J.

AU - Chorkendorff, Ib

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - NiFeOxHy are the most active catalysts for oxygen evolution in a base. For this reason, they are used widely in alkaline electrolysers. Several open questions remain as to the reason for their exceptionally high catalytic activity. Here we use a model system of mass-selected NiFe nanoparticles and isotope labelling experiments to show that oxygen evolution in 1 M KOH does not proceed via lattice exchange. We complement our activity measurements with electrochemistry–mass spectrometry, taken under operando conditions, and transmission electron microscopy and low-energy ion-scattering spectroscopy, taken ex situ. Together with the trends in particle size, the isotope results indicate that oxygen evolution is limited to the near-surface region. Using the surface area of the particles, we determined that the turnover frequency was 6.2 ± 1.6 s−1 at an overpotential of 0.3 V, which is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest reported for oxygen evolution in alkaline solution.

AB - NiFeOxHy are the most active catalysts for oxygen evolution in a base. For this reason, they are used widely in alkaline electrolysers. Several open questions remain as to the reason for their exceptionally high catalytic activity. Here we use a model system of mass-selected NiFe nanoparticles and isotope labelling experiments to show that oxygen evolution in 1 M KOH does not proceed via lattice exchange. We complement our activity measurements with electrochemistry–mass spectrometry, taken under operando conditions, and transmission electron microscopy and low-energy ion-scattering spectroscopy, taken ex situ. Together with the trends in particle size, the isotope results indicate that oxygen evolution is limited to the near-surface region. Using the surface area of the particles, we determined that the turnover frequency was 6.2 ± 1.6 s−1 at an overpotential of 0.3 V, which is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest reported for oxygen evolution in alkaline solution.

U2 - 10.1038/s41929-018-0162-x

DO - 10.1038/s41929-018-0162-x

M3 - Journal article

VL - 1

SP - 820

EP - 829

JO - Nature Catalysis

JF - Nature Catalysis

SN - 2520-1158

IS - 11

ER -