Alginates, serving as hydrocolloids in the food and pharma industries, form particles at pH <4.5 with positively charged proteins, such as β-lactoglobulin (β-Lg). Alginates are linear anionic polysaccharides composed of 1,4-linked β-d-mannuronate (M) and α-l-guluronate (G) residues. The impact of M and G contents and pH is investigated to correlate with the formation and size of β-Lg alginate complexes under relevant ionic strength. It is concluded, using three alginates of M/G ratios 0.6, 1.1, and 1.8 and similar molecular mass, that β-Lg binding capacity is higher at pH 4.0 than at pH 2.65 and for high M content. By contrast, the largest particles are obtained at pH 2.65 and with high G content. At pH 4.0 and 2.65, the stoichiometry was 28-48 and 3-10 β-Lg molecules bound per alginate, respectively, increasing with higher M content. The findings will contribute to the design of formation of the desired alginate-protein particles in the acidic pH range.