Impact of 3D/4D methods on the understanding of recrystallization

D. Juul Jensen*, Y.B. Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


In this paper, we discuss the impact that non-destructive 3D (x,y,z) and 4D (x,y,z,time) X-ray experimental methods have had on the understanding of recrystallization of deformed metals. Well-planned experiments on nucleation and grain boundary migration are reviewed with focus on information gained, which could not have been obtained by traditional 2D or destructive 3D methods. It has also been found that the 3D/4D X-ray measurements sometimes happen to reveal phenomena, which were not expected and therefore not planned to investigate. Examples of this are also reviewed here. Finally, the implications of the new findings for modelling of recrystallization are discussed, key experiments for the future are suggested and the needs for technique advancements are summarized, all seen from the recrystallization perspective.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100821
JournalCurrent Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science
Issue number2
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

GA no. 788567


  • Recrystallization
  • Deformation microstructures
  • Nucleation
  • Boundary migration
  • Residual stress

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