Impact assessment of a fisheries closure with effort and landings spatial analyses: A case study in the Western Baltic Sea

Tanja Miethe, Francois Bastardie, Christian von Dorrien, J. Rasmus Nielsen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Commercial fisheries in the Western Baltic Sea (WBS; ICES Subdivisions 22–24) are dominated by Danishand German vessels. By combining and processing logbook and Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) data forGermany and Denmark, we compare patterns of spatial effort allocation and the origin of the landingsbefore (2005–2007) and during (2008–2010) implementation of the EU long-term management plan(LTMP) for cod. This management plan is likely to have affected the temporal and spatial extent of fisheriesin the WBS. Changes that took place between 2005 and 2010 on the large scale of the WBS were thereforeconsidered when selecting an appropriate stable reference period to inform and evaluate small-scaleeffort-displacement scenarios in the Fehmarn Belt. The WBS fisheries appear not to have been restrictedby effort limits until 2010, but rather by total allowable catches (TACs) for cod. The amount of cod landedin the WBS decreased, and the origin of these landings shifted farther east without affecting the seasonaleffort allocation. Landings of cod have also decreased in the Fehmarn Belt area, and since 2008, sprat hasbeen the species most landed there. The planned construction of the Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link connectingDenmark and Germany could lead to the temporal closure of fishing activities. Three different effort-displacement scenarios were tested to determine how lost landings, caused by a fishing closure of acorridor near the link during construction, could be counteracted by moving the activities to a nearfieldarea. To compensate for lost landings, the best strategy appears to be redistributing fishing effort of sprat-targeting métiers to areas that have had relatively high catch rates (landings per unit of effort (LPUE))or with large absolute sprat landings, assuming spatial stability of sprat distribution in the area. Becausehigh effort did not lead to large sprat landings in all locations, effort displacement to high effort areas maynot compensate for lost sprat landings, particularly for mixed fishery métiers that also landed herring
Original languageEnglish
JournalFisheries Research
Volume157
Pages (from-to)170-179
ISSN0165-7836
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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