Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the causative agent of an emerging swine disease, postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS). The disease affects primarily 5-12-weeks-old pigs which might suggest that infection with PCV2 occurs when the level of maternal antibodies have declined to sub-protective levels around weaning at 3-5-weeks of age. If immunoprophylaxis is to be effective, an immunisation method capable of breaking through maternal immunity must be employed. In this study, we have developed and investigated the potential of a DNA vaccination approach to be one such method. The gene encoding the capsid protein of PCV2 was cloned in a DNA vaccination plasmid and expression of capsid protein was demonstrated in vitro. Mice were gene gun vaccinated three timesand all mice responded serologically by raising antibodies against PCV2. The results suggest, that DNA based vaccination might offer opportunities for vaccination of piglets against PCV2.
- porcine circovirus type 2
- postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome