Imaging of dehydration in particulate matter using Raman line-focus microscopy

Peter Ouma Okeyo, Oleksii Ilchenko*, Roman Slipets, Peter Emil Larsen, Anja Boisen, Thomas Rades, Jukka Rantanen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Crystalline solids can incorporate water molecules into their crystal lattice causing a dramatic impact on their properties. This explains the increasing interest in understanding the dehydration pathways of these solids. However, the classical thermal analytical techniques cannot spatially resolve the dehydration pathway of organic hydrates at the single particle level. We have developed a new method for imaging the dehydration of organic hydrates using Raman line-focus microscopy during heating of a particle. Based on this approach, we propose a new metastable intermediate of theophylline monohydrate during the three-step dehydration process of this system and further, we visualize the complex nature of the three-step dehydration pathway of nitrofurantoin monohydrate to its stable anhydrous form. A Raman line-focus mapping option was applied for fast simultaneous mapping of differently sized and shaped particles of nitrofurantoin monohydrate, revealing the appearance of multiple solid-state forms and the non-uniformity of this particle system during the complex dehydration process. This method provides an in-depth understanding of phase transformations and can be used to explain practical industrial challenges related to variations in the quality of particulate materials.
Original languageEnglish
Article number7525
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2019


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