Image reconstruction under non-Gaussian noise

Federica Sciacchitano

Research output: Book/ReportPh.D. thesis

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During acquisition and transmission, images are often blurred and corrupted by noise. One of the fundamental tasks of image processing is to reconstruct the clean image from a degraded version. The process of recovering the original image from the data is an example of inverse problem. Due to the ill-posedness of the problem, the simple inversion of the degradation model does not give any good reconstructions. Therefore, to deal with the ill-posedness it is necessary to use some prior information on the solution or the model and the Bayesian approach.

Additive Gaussian noise has been extensively studied since it produces simple and tractable mathematical models. However, in the real applications, the noise is much more complicated and it cannot be well simulated by additive Gaussian noise, for instance, it may be signal dependent, very impulsive, multiplicative, mixed, etc. This PhD thesis intends to solve some of the many open questions for image restoration under non-Gaussian noise. The two main kinds of noise studied in this PhD project are the impulse noise and the Cauchy noise.

Impulse noise is due to for instance the malfunctioning pixel elements in the camera sensors, errors in analogue-to-digital conversion, faulty memory locations in hardware. Cauchy noise is characterized by a very impulsive behaviour and it is mainly used to simulate atmospheric and underwater acoustic noise, in radar and sonar applications, biomedical images and synthetic aperture radar images. For both noise models we introduce new variational models to recover the clean and sharp images from degraded images. Both methods are veri_ed by using some simulated test problems. The experiments clearly show that the new methods outperform the former ones.

Furthermore, we have carried out a theoretical study on the two most known estimates:
maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimate and conditional mean (CM) estimate for non-Gaussian noise. With only the convexity assumption on the data _delity term, we introduce some cost functions for which the CM and MAP estimates are proper Bayes estimators and we also prove that the CM estimate outperforms the MAP estimate, when the error depends on Bregman distances.

This PhD project can have many applications in the modern society, in fact the reconstruction of high quality images with less noise and more details enhances the image processing operations, such as edge detection, segmentation, etc.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationKgs. Lyngby
PublisherTechnical University of Denmark
Number of pages115
Publication statusPublished - 2017
SeriesDTU Compute PHD-2016


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