Identification of non-precious metal alloy catalysts for selective hydrogenation of acetylene

Felix Studt, Frank Abild-Pedersen, Thomas Bligaard, Rasmus Zink Sørensen, Claus H. Christensen, Jens Kehlet Nørskov

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The removal of trace acetylene from ethylene is performed industrially by palladium hydrogenation catalysts ( often modified with silver) that avoid the hydrogenation of ethylene to ethane. In an effort to identify catalysts based on less expensive and more available metals, density functional calculations were performed that identified relations in heats of adsorption of hydrocarbon molecules and fragments on metal surfaces. This analysis not only verified the facility of known catalysts but identified nickel- zinc alloys as alternatives. Experimental studies demonstrated that these alloys dispersed on an oxide support were selective for acetylene hydrogenation at low pressures.
Original languageEnglish
JournalScience
Volume320
Issue number5881
Pages (from-to)1320-1322
ISSN0036-8075
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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