Hygrothermal assessment of internally insulated solid masonry walls fitted with exterior hydrophobization and deliberate thermal bridge

Nickolaj Feldt Jensen*, Søren Peter Bjarløv, Carsten Rode, Tommy Riviere Odgaard

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Relative humidity (RH) and temperature were measured in several solid masonry walls with embedded wooden beams, fitted with autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) thermal insulation on the interior surface and exposed to a cool, temperate climate. The field study was based on the use of a 40‐feet insulated reefer container reconfigured with eight 1 × 2 m holes containing the solid masonry walls. The study investigated the influence of AAC thermal insulation on the interior side with a combination of exterior hydrophobization and a deliberate thermal bridge in front of the embedded wooden wall plate using a material with higher thermal conductivity. Validated HAM simulations were used to investigate the effect of controlling the indoor humidity, and how this would affect the theoretical risk predictions from the damage models. Experimental findings indicate that hydrophobization of solid masonry walls with internal insulation have both positive and negative effects on the moisture balance of the wall, in relation to moisture‐induced damage, and that a deliberate thermal bridge installed in front of the embedded wooden wall plate can reduce the moisture content in the wooden elements. Simulation findings indicate that a combination of exterior hydrophobization and decreased indoor moisture load can reduce the RH to acceptable levels in relation to moisture induced damage at the interface between existing wall and new insulation. No major changes were observed in relation to the risk of frost damage at the exterior surface.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCe/papers
Volume2
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)79-87
ISSN2509-7075
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event6th International Conference on Autoclaved Aerated Concrete - Potsdam, Germany
Duration: 4 Sep 20186 Sep 2018
Conference number: 6

Conference

Conference6th International Conference on Autoclaved Aerated Concrete
Number6
CountryGermany
CityPotsdam
Period04/09/201806/09/2018

Keywords

  • Damage models
  • Field study
  • Hydrophobization
  • Internal insulation
  • Mineral insulation board

Cite this

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title = "Hygrothermal assessment of internally insulated solid masonry walls fitted with exterior hydrophobization and deliberate thermal bridge",
abstract = "Relative humidity (RH) and temperature were measured in several solid masonry walls with embedded wooden beams, fitted with autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) thermal insulation on the interior surface and exposed to a cool, temperate climate. The field study was based on the use of a 40‐feet insulated reefer container reconfigured with eight 1 × 2 m holes containing the solid masonry walls. The study investigated the influence of AAC thermal insulation on the interior side with a combination of exterior hydrophobization and a deliberate thermal bridge in front of the embedded wooden wall plate using a material with higher thermal conductivity. Validated HAM simulations were used to investigate the effect of controlling the indoor humidity, and how this would affect the theoretical risk predictions from the damage models. Experimental findings indicate that hydrophobization of solid masonry walls with internal insulation have both positive and negative effects on the moisture balance of the wall, in relation to moisture‐induced damage, and that a deliberate thermal bridge installed in front of the embedded wooden wall plate can reduce the moisture content in the wooden elements. Simulation findings indicate that a combination of exterior hydrophobization and decreased indoor moisture load can reduce the RH to acceptable levels in relation to moisture induced damage at the interface between existing wall and new insulation. No major changes were observed in relation to the risk of frost damage at the exterior surface.",
keywords = "Damage models, Field study, Hydrophobization, Internal insulation, Mineral insulation board",
author = "Jensen, {Nickolaj Feldt} and Bjarl{\o}v, {S{\o}ren Peter} and Carsten Rode and Odgaard, {Tommy Riviere}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1002/cepa.868",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "79--87",
journal = "Ce/papers",
issn = "2509-7075",
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}

Hygrothermal assessment of internally insulated solid masonry walls fitted with exterior hydrophobization and deliberate thermal bridge. / Jensen, Nickolaj Feldt; Bjarløv, Søren Peter; Rode, Carsten; Odgaard, Tommy Riviere.

In: Ce/papers, Vol. 2, No. 4, 2018, p. 79-87.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleResearchpeer-review

TY - GEN

T1 - Hygrothermal assessment of internally insulated solid masonry walls fitted with exterior hydrophobization and deliberate thermal bridge

AU - Jensen, Nickolaj Feldt

AU - Bjarløv, Søren Peter

AU - Rode, Carsten

AU - Odgaard, Tommy Riviere

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Relative humidity (RH) and temperature were measured in several solid masonry walls with embedded wooden beams, fitted with autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) thermal insulation on the interior surface and exposed to a cool, temperate climate. The field study was based on the use of a 40‐feet insulated reefer container reconfigured with eight 1 × 2 m holes containing the solid masonry walls. The study investigated the influence of AAC thermal insulation on the interior side with a combination of exterior hydrophobization and a deliberate thermal bridge in front of the embedded wooden wall plate using a material with higher thermal conductivity. Validated HAM simulations were used to investigate the effect of controlling the indoor humidity, and how this would affect the theoretical risk predictions from the damage models. Experimental findings indicate that hydrophobization of solid masonry walls with internal insulation have both positive and negative effects on the moisture balance of the wall, in relation to moisture‐induced damage, and that a deliberate thermal bridge installed in front of the embedded wooden wall plate can reduce the moisture content in the wooden elements. Simulation findings indicate that a combination of exterior hydrophobization and decreased indoor moisture load can reduce the RH to acceptable levels in relation to moisture induced damage at the interface between existing wall and new insulation. No major changes were observed in relation to the risk of frost damage at the exterior surface.

AB - Relative humidity (RH) and temperature were measured in several solid masonry walls with embedded wooden beams, fitted with autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) thermal insulation on the interior surface and exposed to a cool, temperate climate. The field study was based on the use of a 40‐feet insulated reefer container reconfigured with eight 1 × 2 m holes containing the solid masonry walls. The study investigated the influence of AAC thermal insulation on the interior side with a combination of exterior hydrophobization and a deliberate thermal bridge in front of the embedded wooden wall plate using a material with higher thermal conductivity. Validated HAM simulations were used to investigate the effect of controlling the indoor humidity, and how this would affect the theoretical risk predictions from the damage models. Experimental findings indicate that hydrophobization of solid masonry walls with internal insulation have both positive and negative effects on the moisture balance of the wall, in relation to moisture‐induced damage, and that a deliberate thermal bridge installed in front of the embedded wooden wall plate can reduce the moisture content in the wooden elements. Simulation findings indicate that a combination of exterior hydrophobization and decreased indoor moisture load can reduce the RH to acceptable levels in relation to moisture induced damage at the interface between existing wall and new insulation. No major changes were observed in relation to the risk of frost damage at the exterior surface.

KW - Damage models

KW - Field study

KW - Hydrophobization

KW - Internal insulation

KW - Mineral insulation board

U2 - 10.1002/cepa.868

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