Hydrophobic hydration of C60 and carbon nanotubes in water

Jens Honore Walther, R.L. Jaffe, E.M. Kotsalis, T. Werder, T. Halicioglu, P. Koumoutsakos

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


We perform molecular dynamics (MD) simulations to study the hydrophobic–hydrophilic behavior of pairs of C60 fullerene molecules and single wall carbon nanotubes in water. The interaction potentials involve a fully atomistic description of the fullerenes or carbon nanotubes and the water is modeled using the flexible SPC model. Both unconstrained and constrainedMDsimulations are carried out. We find that these systems display drying, as evidenced by expulsion of the interstitial water, when the C60 and carbon nanotubes are separated by less than 12, and 9–10 Å, respectively. From the constrained simulations, the computed mean force between two carbon nanotubes in water exhibits a maximum at a tube spacing of 5.0 Å which corresponds to approximately one unstable layer of interstitial water molecules. The main contribution to the force stems from the van der Waals attraction between the carbon surfaces. The minimum in the potential of mean force has a value of -17 kJ mol-1 Å-1 at a tube spacing of 3.5 Å.
Keyword: Aggregation, Interfacial properties,Carbon nanotube, Fullerene,Molecular simulations
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1185-1194
Publication statusPublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes


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