Hydrogen production by Rhodobacter sphaeroides DSM 158 under intense irradiation

Felix Krujatz, Paul Härtel, Karsten Helbig, Nora Haufe, Simone Thierfelder, Thomas Bley, Jost Weber*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

To identify optimal hydrogen production conditions using growing cultures of Rhodobacter sphaeroides DSM 158 the effects of varying the reactor's volumetric power input (0.01-1.4kWm-3) and irradiation intensity (5-2500Wm-2) were investigated in batch and continuous production modes. Irradiation intensity had a greater effect on hydrogen production than volumetric power input. Hydrogen production and photofermentative biomass formation were maximized by irradiation at 2250Wm-2 with a volumetric power input of 0.55kWm-3. The bacterial dry weight (2.64gL-1) and rate of hydrogen production (195mLL-1h-1) achieved under these conditions were greater than any that have previously been reported for batch-mode hydrogen production by R. sphaeroides. Continuous mode experiments (D=0.1h-1) yielded a bacterial dry weight, hydrogen production rate, productivity and hydrogen yield of 2.35±0.18gL-1, 165±6.2mLL-1h-1, 3.96LL-1d-1 and 36.6%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume175
Pages (from-to)82-90
Number of pages9
ISSN0960-8524
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Batch
  • Continuous
  • Hydrogen
  • Intense irradiation
  • Photofermentation

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