Hydrogen evolution at nanoporous gold/tungsten sulfide composite film and its optimization

Xinxin Xiao, Christian Engelbrekt, Zheshen Li, Pengchao Si

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Development of efficient and economical electrochemical systems for water splitting is a key part of renewable energy technology. Amorphous films of tungsten sulfide have been deposited by electrochemical reduction of tetrathiotungstate ions (WS42-) on dealloyed nanoporous gold (NPG) for electrochemical hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). The electrocatalytic performance has been proved to be sensitive to the thickness of the deposited layer, with an optimal deposition time of 600 s identified. The bi-continuous nanoporous morphology of the composites has been confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and is beneficial for high exposure of catalytic sites and electrolyte access to the electrode surface. High-resolution TEM (HRTEM) has been employed to characterize the strong adhesion between the ultrathin film (less than 1 nm) and gold skeleton, allowing rapid charge transfer and long-term stability. The measured Tafel slope of 74 mV dec-1 implies an underlying Volmer-Heyrovsky HER mechanism.
Original languageEnglish
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume173
Pages (from-to)393-398
Number of pages6
ISSN0013-4686
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Electrocatalysis
  • Hydrogen evolution reaction
  • Nanoporous gold
  • Tungsten sulfide

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