Hybrid Testing of Composite Structures with Single-Axis Control

Jacob Paamand Waldbjørn, Jacob Herold Høgh, Henrik Stang, Christian Berggreen, Jacob Wittrup Schmidt, Kim Branner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


Hybrid testing is a substructuring technique where a structure is emulated by modelling a part of it in a numerical model while testing the remainder experimentally. Previous research in hybrid testing has been performed on multi-component structures e.g. damping fixtures, however in this paper a hybrid testing platform is introduced for single-component hybrid testing. In this case, the boundary between the numerical model and experimental setup is defined by multiple Degrees-Of-Freedoms (DOFs) which highly complicate the transferring of response between the two substructures. Digital Image Correlation (DIC) is therefore implemented for displacement control of the experimental setup. The hybrid testing setup was verified on a multicomponent structure consisting of a beam loaded in three point bending and a numerical structure of a frame. Furthermore, the stability of the hybrid testing loop was investigated for different ratios of stiffness between the numerical model and test specimen. It was found that when deformations were transferred from the numerical model to the experimental setup, the hybrid test was only stable when the stiffness of the numerical model was higher than the test specimen. The hybrid test gave similar results as a numerical simulation of the full structure. The deviation between the two was primarily due to the response of the specimen in the hybrid test being one load step behind the numerical model.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 19th International Conference on Composite Materials
Number of pages11
Publication date2013
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event19th International Conference on Composite Materials - Montréal, Canada
Duration: 28 Jul 20132 Aug 2013
Conference number: 19


Conference19th International Conference on Composite Materials
Internet address


  • Hybrid testing
  • Hardware-in-the-loop
  • Substructural testing
  • Composites
  • Three point bending
  • Finite element modelling, high-precision control

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