Hybrid method for determining the parameters of condenser microphones from measured membrane velocities and numerical calculations

Salvador Barrera Figueroa, Knud Rasmussen, Finn Jacobsen

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Abstract

Typically, numerical calculations of the pressure, free-field, and random-incidence response of a condenser microphone are carried out on the basis of an assumed displacement distribution of the diaphragm of the microphone; the conventional assumption is that the displacement follows a Bessel function. This assumption is probably valid at frequencies below the resonance frequency. However, at higher frequencies the movement of the membrane is heavily coupled with the damping of the air film between membrane and backplate and with resonances in the back chamber of the microphone. A solution to this problem is to measure the velocity distribution of the membrane by means of a non-contact method, such as laser vibrometry. The measured velocity distribution can be used together with a numerical formulation such as the boundary element method for estimating the microphone response and other parameters, e.g., the acoustic center. In this work, such a hybrid method is presented and examined. The velocity distributions of a number of condenser microphones have been determined using a laser vibrometer, and these measured velocity distributions have been used for estimating microphone responses and other parameters. The agreement with experimental data is generally good. The method can be used as an alternative for validating the parameters of the microphones determined by classical calibration techniques.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAcoustical Society of America. Journal
Volume126
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)1788-1795
ISSN0001-4966
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Copyright (2009) Acoustical Society of America. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the Acoustical Society of America.

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