Hybrid inks for 3D printing of tall BaTiO3-based ceramics

Christophe Gadea, Tarek Spelta, Søren Bredmose Simonsen, Vincenzo Esposito, Jacob R. Bowen, Astri Bjørnetun Haugen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Ink formulation is one of the main challenges with ceramic 3D printing. Here, we present a new, reactive-colloidal hybrid ink for 3D printing by robocasting of BaTiO3-based ceramics. The hybrid ink combines a titanium isopropoxide-based sol-gel base with a colloidal dispersion of powder, here demonstrated with BaTiO3 both as the sol-gel (by reaction of titanium isopropoxide and barium oxide) and colloidal (by addition of BaTiO3 powder) parts. Addition of glycerol was necessary to avoid fast precipitation and poor dispersion of BaTiO3 from the reaction of BaO and Ti-isopropoxide. With a solid loading of 40 ​vol% BaTiO3, 10 ​mm tall structures could be printed with minimal deformation from slumping. The BaTiO3 shows good piezo-, ferro- and dielectric properties after sintering, with a piezoelectric charge coefficient (d33 ​= ​159 ​pC/N) in the range commonly reported for BaTiO3. The hybrid inks developed in this work are therefore suitable for robocasting of BaTiO3-based electroceramics.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100110
JournalOpen Ceramics
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • 3D printing
  • Robocasting
  • BaTiO3


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