Hybrid grating reflectors: Origin of ultrabroad stopband

Gyeong Cheol Park, Alireza Taghizadeh, Il-Sug Chung

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Abstract

Hybrid grating (HG) reflectors with a high-refractive-index cap layer added onto a high contrast grating (HCG) provide a high reflectance close to 100% over a broader wavelength range than HCGs. The combination of a cap layer and a grating layer brings a strong Fabry-Perot (FP) resonance as well as a weak guided mode (GM) resonance. Most of the reflected power results from the FP resonance, while the GM resonance plays a key role in achieving a reflectance close to 100% as well as broadening the stopband. An HG sample with 7 InGaAlAs quantum wells included in the cap layer has been fabricated by directly wafer-bonding a III-V cap layer onto a Si grating layer. Its reflection property has been characterized. This heterogeneously integrated HG reflector may allow for a hybrid III-V on Si laser to be thermally efficient, which has promising prospects for silicon photonics light sources and high-speed operation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number141108
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume108
Issue number14
Number of pages5
ISSN0003-6951
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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