H2CAP - Hydrogen assisted catalytic biomass pyrolysis for green fuels

Magnus Zingler Stummann, Martin Høj, Jostein Gabrielsen, Peter Arendt Jensen, Anker Degn Jensen

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Fast pyrolysis of biomass produces a high yield of bio-oil through well-established technologies [1]. To utilize this oil as liquid fuel the oxygen content must be reduced from 15-30 wt.% down to <1 wt.%, which increases heating value and stability and decreases acidity [1]. Upgrading bio-oil by catalytic hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) is challenged by severe polymerization and coking upon heating the oil. Alternatively, performing fast pyrolysis in high-pressure hydrogen atmosphere in a fluid bed reactor with a HDO catalyst as bed medium could immediately stabilize reactive pyrolysis vapors [2]. An additional vapor phase HDO rector ensures removal of oxygen down to <1 wt%, resulting in separate hydrocarbon oil and water phases being recovered. A schematic diagram for such a process is shown in Figure 1. A simplified bench scale setup has been constructed at DTU Chemical Engineering. With a capacity of 100 to 300 g/h solid biomass, the aim is to provide a proof-of-concept for the continuous conversion of solid biomass to low oxygen, fuel-grade bio-oil.
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2017
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventNorth American Catalysis Society Meeting 2017 - Denver, United States
Duration: 4 Jun 20179 Jun 2017
Conference number: 25


ConferenceNorth American Catalysis Society Meeting 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited States


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