How is the older road users’ perception of risk constructed?

Anu Kristiina Siren, Marlene Rishøj Kjær

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    As the driver population is ageing rapidly in industrialized countries, questions about older drivers’ risk perception, self-awareness and judgement have gained a lot of interest. Older drivers have generally been thought to have more realistic risk perception, which in turn is reflected in their driving behaviour, but there is no unequivocal proof for this in the research literature. The present study aims to help to understand the risk perception of this group by studying how older persons construct their perceptions about risk and safety. The study uses material from focus groups conducted with Danish senior citizens. The material is analysed with qualitative methods. The findings of the study indicate that older persons in this study tended to perceive risk as something external (e.g., bad infrastructure) that can sometimes be managed by internal means (e.g., skills). The results also indicate that while the risk perception and driving behaviour of older persons are connected, the connection is perhaps different from what has previously been suggested. The findings of the present study suggest that older drivers might self-regulate their driving, not as a result of perceiving themselves to have limitations but by perceiving other road users behaving dangerously. While the self-regulation practices adapted by the participants may have been responses to age-related changes, they were constructed as practices based on the driver’s skills, experience and preferences, and presented as responses to external factors. The present study offers a better understanding of the way older drivers perceive traffic risks and gives methodological openings for studying the risk perception and mobility choices of older people.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalTransportation Research Part F: Psychology and Behaviour
    Volume14
    Issue number3
    Pages (from-to)222-228
    ISSN1369-8478
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Keywords

    • Subjective risk
    • Older drivers
    • Risk perception

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