The role of the (001) crystallographic plane of the M1 phase of MoVTeNb mixed-oxide catalysts in selective oxidation of propane to acrylic acid was addressed by investigating a phase-pure M1 material preferentially exposing this surface. A model catalyst was prepared by complete silylation of M1, followed by breakage of the SiO2-covered needles. Using this approach, the reactivity of the M1 (001) surface was investigated by combining a microreactor study of propane oxidation with high-sensitivity low-energy ion scattering (HS-LEIS). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to study the shape and microstructure of the model system and verify the surface exposure of the model catalyst. The specific rate of formation of acrylic acid on the model catalyst was found to be similar to that on the phase-pure M1 reference material, indicating that the (001) plane of the M1 crystal structure did not have better catalytic properties compared with the lateral surface of M1 needles in propane oxidation.
|Journal||Journal of Catalysis|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|