Hong–Ou–Mandel interference between independent III–V on silicon waveguide integrated lasers
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The versatility of silicon photonic integrated circuits has led to a widespread usage of this platform for quantum information-based applications, including quantum key distribution (QKD). However, the integration of simple high-repetition-rate photon sources is yet to be achieved. The use of weak-coherent pulses (WCPs) could represent a viable solution. For example, measurement device independent QKD (MDI-QKD) envisions the use of WCPs to distill a secret key immune to detector side channel attacks at large distances. Thus, the integration of III–V lasers on silicon waveguides is an interesting prospect for quantum photonics. Here we report the experimental observation of Hong–Ou–Mandel interference with 46 2% visibility between WCPs generated by two independent III–V on silicon waveguide integrated lasers. This quantum interference effect is at the heart of many applications, including MDI-QKD. This Letter represents a substantial first step towards an implementation of MDI-QKD fully integrated in silicon and could be beneficial for other applications such as standard QKD and novel quantum communication protocols.
Agnesi, C., Da Lio, B., Cozzolino, Cardi, L., Bakir, B. B., Hassan, K., Frera, A. D., Ruggeri, A., Giudice, A., Vallone, G., Villoresi, P., Tosi, A., Rottwitt, K., Ding, W., & Bacco, D. (2019). Hong–Ou–Mandel interference between independent III–V on silicon waveguide integrated lasers. Optics Letters, 44(2), 271-274. https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.44.000271