History and Latest Advances in Flow Estimation Technology: From 1-D in 2-D to 3-D in 4-D

Jørgen Arendt Jensen (Invited author), Svetoslav Ivanov Nikolov (Invited author), Kristoffer Lindskov Hansen (Invited author), Matthias Bo Stuart (Invited author), Carlos A. Villagomez Hoyos (Invited author), Mikkel Schou (Invited author), Martin Lind Ommen (Invited author), Sigrid Husebø Øygard (Invited author), Lasse Thurmann Jørgensen (Invited author), Marie Sand Traberg (Invited author), Tin-Quoc Nguyen (Invited author), Erik Vilain Thomsen (Invited author), Niels Bent Larsen (Invited author), Christopher Beers (Invited author), Borislav Gueorguiev Tomov (Invited author), Michael Bachmann Nielsen (Invited author)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

278 Downloads (Pure)


Ultrasound imaging of flow has seen a tremendous development over the last sixty years from 1-D spectral displays to color flow mapping and the latest Vector Flow Imaging (VFI). The paper gives an overview of the development from current commercial vector flow systems to the latest advances in fast 4-D volumetric visualizations. It includes a description of the radical break with the current sequential data acquisition by the introduction of synthetic aperture imaging, where the whole region of interest is insonified using either spherical or plane waves also known as ultrafast imaging. This makes it possible to track flow continuously in all directions at frame rates of thousands of images per second. The latest research translates this to full volumetric imaging by employing matrix arrays and row-column arrays for full 3-D vector velocity estimation at all spatial points visualized at very high volume rates (4-D).
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of 2019 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium
Publication date2019
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-4596-9
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event2019 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium - SEC Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: 6 Oct 20199 Oct 2019


Conference2019 IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium
LocationSEC Glasgow
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
Internet address


Dive into the research topics of 'History and Latest Advances in Flow Estimation Technology: From 1-D in 2-D to 3-D in 4-D'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this