Highly temporally resolved response to seasonal surface melt of the Zachariae and 79N outlet glaciers in Northeast Greenland

N. M. Rathmann, C. S. Hvidberg, A. M. Solgaard, Aslak Grinsted, G. Hilmar Gudmundsson, Peter L. Langen, K. P. Nielsen, Anders Kusk

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Abstract

The seasonal response to surface melting of the Northeast Greenland Ice Stream outlets, Zachariae and 79N, is investigated using new highly temporally resolved surface velocity maps for 2016 combined with numerical modelling. The seasonal speed-up at 79N of 0.15km/yr is suggested to be driven by a decrease in effective basal pressure induced by surface melting, whereas for Zachariae its 0.11km/yr seasonal speed-up correlates equally well with the break-up of its large ice mélange. We investigate the influence 76km long floating tongue at 79N, finding it provides little resistance and that most of it could be lost without impacting the dynamics of the area. Furthermore, we show that reducing the slipperiness along the tongue–wall interfaces produces a velocity change spatially inconsistent with the observed seasonal speed-up. Finally, we find that subglacial sticky spots such as bedrock bumps play a negligible role in the large-scale response to a seasonally enhanced basal slipperiness of the region.
Original languageEnglish
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume44
Issue number19
Pages (from-to)9805–9814
ISSN0094-8276
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Remote sensing
  • Glaciers
  • Mass balance
  • Ice-sheet modelling
  • Greenland ice sheet
  • Climate change
  • Sea-level changes

Cite this

Rathmann, N. M., Hvidberg, C. S., Solgaard, A. M., Grinsted, A., Gudmundsson, G. H., Langen, P. L., Nielsen, K. P., & Kusk, A. (2017). Highly temporally resolved response to seasonal surface melt of the Zachariae and 79N outlet glaciers in Northeast Greenland. Geophysical Research Letters, 44(19), 9805–9814 . https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL074368