Highly durable anode supported solid oxide fuel cell with an infiltrated cathode

Alfred Junio Samson, Per Hjalmarsson, Martin Søgaard, Johan Hjelm, Nikolaos Bonanos

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Abstract

An anode supported solid oxide fuel cell with an La0.6Sr0.4Co1.05O3_δ (LSC) infiltrated-Ce0.9Gd0.1O1.95 (CGO) cathode that shows a stable performance has been developed. The cathode was prepared by
screen printing a porous CGO backbone on top of a laminated and co-fired anode supported half cell, consisting of a Nieyttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) anode support, a Niescandia-doped yttria-stabilized
zirconia (ScYSZ) anode, a ScYSZ electrolyte, and a CGO barrier layer. LSC was introduced into the CGO backbone by multiple infiltrations of an aqueous nitrate solution followed by firing. The cell was tested at 700 deg. C under a current density of 0.5 A cm-2 for 1500 h using air as oxidant and humidified hydrogen as fuel. The electrochemical performance of the cell was analyzed by impedance spectroscopy and current evoltage relationships. No measurable degradation in the cell voltage or increase in the resistance from the recorded impedance was observed during long term testing. The power density reached 0.79Wcm-2 at a cell voltage of 0.6 V at 750 deg. C. Post test analysis of the LSC infiltrated-CGO cathode by scanning electron microscopy revealed no significant micro-structural difference to that of a nominally identical untested counterpart.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume216
Pages (from-to)124-130
ISSN0378-7753
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Cathode
  • Infiltration
  • Solid oxide fuel cells
  • Mixed ionic and electronic conductor
  • Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
  • Scanning electron microscopy

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