High Yields of 2,3-Butanediol and Mannitol in Lactococcus lactis through Engineering of NAD(+) Cofactor Recycling

Paula Gaspar, Ana Rute Neves, Michael J. Gasson, Claire A. Shearman, Helena Santos

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Abstract

Manipulation of NADH-dependent steps, and particularly disruption of the las-located lactate dehydrogenase (ldh) gene in Lactococcus lactis, is common to engineering strategies envisaging the accumulation of reduced end products other than lactate. Reverse transcription-PCR experiments revealed that three out of the four genes assigned to lactate dehydrogenase in the genome of L. lactis, i.e., the ldh, ldhB, and ldhX genes, were expressed in the parental strain MG1363. Given that genetic redundancy is often a major cause of metabolic instability in engineered strains, we set out to develop a genetically stable lactococcal host tuned for the production of reduced compounds. Therefore, the ldhB and ldhX genes were sequentially deleted in L. lactis FI10089, a strain with a deletion of the ldh gene. The single, double, and triple mutants, FI10089, FI10089 Delta ldhB, and FI10089 Delta ldhB Delta ldhX, showed similar growth profiles and displayed mixed-acid fermentation, ethanol being the main reduced end product. Hence, the alcohol dehydrogenase-encoding gene, the adhE gene, was inactivated in FI10089, but the resulting strain reverted to homolactic fermentation due to induction of the ldhB gene. The three lactate dehydrogenase-deficient mutants were selected as a background for the production of mannitol and 2,3-butanediol. Pathways for the biosynthesis of these compounds were overexpressed under the control of a nisin promoter, and the constructs were analyzed with respect to growth parameters and product yields under anaerobiosis. Glucose was efficiently channeled to mannitol (maximal yield, 42%) or to 2,3-butanediol (maximal yield, 67%). The theoretical yield for 2,3-butanediol was achieved. We show that FI10089 Delta ldhB is a valuable basis for engineering strategies aiming at the production of reduced compounds.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAPPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY
Volume77
Issue number19
Pages (from-to)6826-6835
ISSN0099-2240
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

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