High-Throughput Search for Triplet Point Defects with Narrow Emission Lines in 2D Materials

Sajid Ali*, Fredrik Andreas Nilsson, Simone Manti, Fabian Bertoldo, Jens Jørgen Mortensen, Kristian Sommer Thygesen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


We employ a first-principles computational workflow to screen for optically accessible, high-spin point defects in wide band gap, two-dimensional (2D) crystals. Starting from an initial set of 5388 point defects, comprising both native and extrinsic, single and double defects in ten previously synthesized 2D host materials, we identify 596 defects with a triplet ground state. For these defects, we calculate the defect formation energy, hyperfine (HF) coupling, and zero-field splitting (ZFS) tensors. For 39 triplet transitions exhibiting particularly low Huang-Rhys factors, we calculate the full photoluminescence (PL) spectrum. Our approach reveals many spin defects with narrow PL line shapes and emission frequencies covering a broad spectral range. Most of the defects are hosted in hexagonal BN (hBN), which we ascribe to its high stiffness, but some are also found in MgI2, MoS2, MgBr2 and CaI2. As specific examples, we propose the defects vSMoS0 and NiSMoS0 in MoS2 as interesting candidates with potential applications to magnetic field sensors and quantum information technology.
Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Nano
Issue number21
Pages (from-to)21105-21115
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • 2D Materials
  • Databases
  • High-Throughput
  • Point Defects
  • Quantum Technology
  • Single Photon Emission
  • Triplets


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