High temperature co-treatment of bottom ash and stabilized fly ashes from waste incineration

Mette Abildgaard Sørensen, E.P.B. Mogensen, Kasper Lundtorp, Dorthe Lærke Jensen, Thomas Højlund Christensen

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Bottom ashes from two Danish municipal solid waste incineration plants were heated at 900 degreesC with iron oxide stabilized air pollution control residues at actual mass flow ratios (9:1), simulating a treating method for the residues. The two residues were cotreated, producing one combined stream that may be utilized as a secondary road construction material. Scanning electron microscope analysis and grain size distribution analysis indicated that sintering of the particles did not occur. Batch leaching tests at liquid/solid 10 I/kg at a range of pH-values (6-10) quantified with respect to Cd, Cr and Pb revealed significant positive effects of co-heating the ashes, although Pb showed slightly increased leaching. At a liquid/solid ratio of 10 I/kg the leachate concentrations were still low at pH 7-10 and the release of Pb was, thus, not expected to limit the utilization of the mixed ashes. The process, thus, fixates the metals in the solid residues without altering the leaching properties of the bottom ash too significantly. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
JournalWaste Management
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)555-562
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • stabilization
  • thermal treatment
  • bottom ash
  • leaching
  • APC residues
  • waste incineration
  • heavy metals


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